Pure Water Business In Nigeria: The Basics

The majority of African countries face the problem of pure water deficit. Thus, pure water production is one of the most significant tasks. On the one hand, it is vitally important for people. On the other hand, not everyone can afford buying pure water machine.

Lately, a lot of people are interested in how to start pure water business in Nigeria or how to start a bottled water company in Nigeria. This article will help you to clarify the basics and challenges of pure water production.

Step 1. Business plan

Pure water business plan sounds challenging for the majority, especially when people do not have special economic education. However, it is much simpler than it sounds. Business plan helps to structure your further activity and achieve a desired result easier. It includes:

  • Business goals – why you are doing this.
  • Expected results – what you are planning to achieve.
  • Market research – who are other players on the market and what to expect from them.
  • Marketing opportunities – how you are going to release pure water.
  • Management – who’s in your team and how you organize the process together.

These are the basic things you need to define before starting pure water business. Of course, the outcomes can slightly differ from the expected results. If your business plan is the result of detailed research and you follow realistic goals, they won’t differ much.

Step 2. Land plot & premises

You’ll need territory to accommodate your office and purification system. If it’s small business, one building with several rooms will be enough. In this case, look for a corresponding territory. If we are talking about small scale plant, you’ll need at least one full-scale land plot.

Here you can construct a bungalow, which will serve as the factory and possibly office. Organize fencing, furnishing, digging process and other details. The cost of land plot and premises depends on its size, complexity, and location. Pay attention to these factors before purchasing anything.

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Step 3. Distillation system

Let’s suppose you are ready to invest in the most effective way of water purification. Unlike carbon filters and other simple systems, it cleans water regardless of bacteria level, temperature, and even parasites! In some region, it can be the only appropriate option. If you are limited in budget, consider Ultra Violet Filtration.

Step 3. Sealing machines

Bottled water machine price in Nigeria also depends on various factors, including manufacturer and specifications. Nevertheless, automatic sealing machine is one of the key elements of pure water business. A perfect machine can deal with bag making, filling, sealing, printing, and cutting. Koyo is a good option to consider.

Step 4. Truck

Effective water distribution requires additional transporting resources. A supply truck is a chance to grow your business and create a recognizable brand. When choosing a vehicle, do not be economical. Remember about your goals and the condition of Nigerian roads.

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Step 5. Staff

Even if we are talking about small business, you won’t be able to handle everything. While you are gathering equipment and organizing the production, do not forget to gather the team. Human resources are the core of your business. Here’s the list of job positions to consider:

  • operator;
  • packagers (2 or 3);
  • cleaner;
  • loader (possibly attending);
  • driver;
  • manager;
  • marketer;
  • cleaner;
  • security.

Step 6. Approval

There’s an aspect of bottled water production, which is more important than building plan for pure water factory –  NAFDAC approval. Before starting sales, you’ll need to obtain corresponding license and certificate. Request the requirements and start the procedure simultaneously with constructing process, it’ll take much time.

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Cost estimation

Finally, here are some numbers you may find useful. We included the basic minimum expenses and an average income. The numbers for your particular case can vary. Note that some of the calculations may be missing, as this is only approximate results.  


  • 500 bags with 20 sachets each – N41,500 daily / N1,079,000 monthly


  • Land plot + premises – from N100,000
  • Ultra Violet Filtration system – from N100,000
  • Filters & other materials – up to N100,000
  • Automatic sealing machine – from N400,000
  • Truck – from N350,000
  • Fuel – N140-200 per liter
  • Generator – from N200,000
  • 500 bags = approximately N9400
  • Salaries – from N150,000

According to the experts, the ultimate starting capital is N8, 000,000. Nevertheless, you have chances to succeed with much less money. Good business plan, persistence and hard work are much more important than starting capital. Good luck with your business!