The tan is a protective reaction of a human body to the intensive influence of UV rays that results in the release of melanin. However, it starts working only after spending a week of moderate time under the sun. It means you need to take care of proper face and body protection.
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What options are available?
- Tanning cream – a product that acts as a protective layer on your skin and becomes a filter for dangerous UV emission.
- Tanning oil hydrates the skin and protects it from all types of sun exposure, but it is less effective compared to cream.
- Facial anti tan cream softens and nourishes the skin, tones it and fills with vitamins. You can use it as a makeup base.
- After-sun spray has a pleasant chilling effect, and your skin feels cool, fresh, and soft. This is not the most important thing to get but certainly a helpful one.
- Sunburn cream is a saving grace for many inattentive people who manage to miss the start of the hottest season every year and have to cure sunburns as a result. This cream deals with inflammations and boosts skin regeneration processes.
Read more: Natural Remedies For Sunburn
What’s SPF and what it has to do with the protective cream?
Products used for sun protection always have an SPF marking on a package – the sun protection factor, which shows for how long the skin can stay without a protective cream. Creams with SPF above 15 protect your skin perfectly.
SPF 15 cream blocks around 93% of UVB rays, while SPF 30 deals with 97%. The difference might seem quite small. If you have sensitive skin, a couple of extra percents can become a saving grace. Just remember that no cream can guarantee 100% protection from UV rays.
How to define the required protection level?
There is a simple formula to calculate which cream will be good for you. Skin without protection will get irritated in 20 minutes. SPF 15 cream increases this time for 15 times. It means you get 5 hours instead of 20 minutes when using it.
Read more: How To Choose The Right Sunglasses
Look at the numbers on the package, then think how much time you are planning to spend outside, whether you’ll be able to apply the cream again later, and pick a necessary product. There are four stages of protection used for sunscreen creams classification:
- low (2-5);
- medium (6-11);
- high (12-19);
- very high (20-100).
Taking into account the fact that 100% protection is a myth, you should avoid the direct influences of UV rays from 11am to 5pm. Also, look for UVA and UVB marks on the package, they indicate the wide range of protection. In particular, A-rays cause aging and pigmentation, and B-rays result in irritation and sunburns.
Should I pay attention to my skin type?
Yes, this is the main criteria for choosing makeup and cosmetic products. Each type reacts to the sun and UV emission in a different way and thus requires a different approach. For example, people with sensitive skin should look always for hypoallergenic creams. Creams are better for dry skin, oily and combination skin requires products with a light structure.
Read more: How To Take Care Of Oily Skin During Summer
What components should I avoid?
- Substances that are dangerous for your skin, like P-Aminobenzoic Acid, Ethylhexyl dimethyl Para-aminobenzoic Acid, Benzophenone-4, Benzophenone-3/Oxybenzone, Butyl, Methoxydibenzoylmethane, and Cerium oxide.
- Zinc dioxide, which is less safe and with a rather narrow range of protection compared to zinc oxide.
- Vitamin A, which becomes dangerous under direct sunlight influence: it loses antioxidant properties and becomes dangerous, stimulating neoformations.
Cover your face and body 15-30 minutes before you go outside, then whenever you need to review the protective layer. Use it again after bathing or swimming to renew the protection.
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